All of the photographs on this section of the site were taken during a solo trip to Java in August 2004.  Following Rob Dickinson's
advice,  I took a circuitous route from Tersana Baru mill in the west to Olean mill in the east.  From there I retraced my steps back along
the north coast and, after the obligatory visit to Mount Bromo, went south-west to Kediri and looped round via Mojokerto to Surabaya
from where I caught an internal flight back to Jakarta.  Full details of the journey are in my
trip report.  However in order to provide some
clarity to these pages the mills are shown in west - east order using the
mill numbering system adopted by Rob Dickinson.
Sumberharjo (10)
Sumberharjo mill lies between Tegal
and Pekalongan, close to the city of
Pemalang.  This 700mm gauge mill
had six  locomotives in steam on the
day of my visit.  Most of the steam
working involves shunting wagons in
the main yard but there is some field
activity, with one engine taking out
an ash train and another hauling a
long rake of empty loris out to the
cane fields.

Left - Early morning scene at
Sumberharjo shed with six locos being
prepared  for the day's activities.  A
number of derelict locomotives are
also contained inside the shed
Orenstein and Coppel 0-8-0T No.3
(built 1912) stands at the top end of
the main yard close to the
weighbridge.  Locomotives at
Sumberharjo use bagasse as their
principal fuel.
Du Croo and Brauns 0-8-0T No.9 (built
1925) begins its days work in the main
yard at Sumberharjo.  The large wicker
basket on top of the side tank is used
for loading bundles of bagasse onto
the wagon immediately behind the
(10 August 2004)
O&K No.3 is seen leaving the mill area
at Sumberharjo taking ash wagons (and
a number of workers) to the fields.  The
ash comes from the boilers inside the
sugar mill which themselves use
bagasse as a fuel.
Sragi (11)
I arrived at Sragi a year too late!  Until 2004 this was one of the few remaining mills to use steam locomotives to bring in cane from the
fields.  However this has now finished with the work being handled by a small fleet of diesel locomotives.  The remaining steam
locomotives are used exclusively to propel rakes of loaded loris from the road delivery yard into the mill, which somewhat limits
photographic opportunities.  Once the engines have delivered their wagons they use an 'avoiding line' through the weighbridge to
return to the head of the yard.  Lines of empty wagons are also shunted into place ready to be loaded.  One engine alone however
makes this an unmissable location.  Krauss 0-4-2 No.1 has recently been returned to working order after some years out of use -
remarkably this engine was built in 1899 and has therefore had an active life spanning three centuries!
Hartmann 0-8-0T No.12 (built 1912)
stands at the mill end of the road
delivery yard ready to propel wagons
into the mill.
The mill lines at Sragi are all built to
600mm gauge.
Sragi's remarkable survivor -
Krauss 0-4-2T No.1 runs around at
the top end of the road delivery
yard with Henschel 0-4-0T No.10
(built 1912) standing in the

Update - this locomotive has now
been purchased and moved to the
United Kingdom for preservation
The figure in the foreground
demonstrates the diminutive size of
Henschel 0-4-0 No.10
as it returns from the mill to the top end
of the yard
                  (8 August 2004)
In complete contrast is BMAG 0-10-0T
No.7 (built 1928) seen taking the
'avoiding line' back to the head of the

Hartmann 0-8-0T No.16 (also built 1912)
was also at work on 8th August 2004
Tasik Madu (18)
Tasik Madu is a 750mm gauge mill located to the east of Solo.  Like other mills the steam operation is limited to moving loaded cane
wagons from the road delivery yard to the main mill yard.  However the two yards are about 400 metres apart and the journey involves
the trains coming right through the village, providing an opportunity to photograph some real 'street running'.   The other reason to
visit Tasik Madu is to see the Orenstein and Koppel 0-10-0.No.VI.  This locomotive uses the Luttermoller system of articulation allowing
it to negotiate tight curves.  .  Whilst normally referred to as an 0-10-0 in fact the leading and end driving wheels are not connected to
the centre drivers by means of coupling rods but instead a geared system is used to transmit the power.  There are several other
Luttermollers at work in Java but none of the others have the same outline as No.VI.  It is truly is a magnificent beast and made the
long journey entirely worthwhile.  Although I only spent an afternoon at Tasik Madu it is a mill that would certainly benefit from a full
day or more on the lineside to get all the shots in the best light.
'The Beast Of Tasik Madu' - the outline
of the locomotive gives it the
appearance of a much larger standard
gauge locomotive yet it articulated axles
allow it to successfully negotiate the
sharp curves of this 750mm gauge line.  
Riding the footplate of this engine was a
memorable experience as it made its
way back to the mill
The angle of the afternoon sun made it
difficult to photograph the locomotives
working in the main mill yard.  As well
as O&K 0-8-0T No.5B the other yard
locomotive was O&K 0-8-0T No.III
The self-same afternoon light however
then provided perfect illumination as
Orenstein & Koppel  0-8-0T No.V brought a
long train of loaded wagons through the
village street on its way to the main mill
yard.  The usual method of hand sanding is
in use as the two straw hatted gentlemen
on the front buffer beam seek to prevent
the engine slipping to a standstill.
Journey over and O&K 0-8-0 No.V
pauses outside the mill gates before
getting ready to return to the road
delivery yard to collect another loaded
train.  During the afternoon a total of
six trains progressed up the village
Two more views of 'The Beast' as it
works trains at Tasik Madumill.  Once it
has passed through the village  the train
runs onto a long headshunt where it
stops and then slowly propels the train
back through the mill gates (right)

Street running at its absolute best as
'The Beast' brings a long train of loaded
loris up through the village.  Once again
the hand sanders perch perilously on the
front buffer beam to ensure that the
loco maintains its
footing                                  (below)
Tersana Baru, Jatibarang and Pangka

Merican and Gempolkerep
Purwodadi, Kanigoro and Pagottan

Olean and Asembagus
Steam in Germany
Steam In Poland
Steam in China
Steam In Zimbabwe
Steam in Cuba
Java Trip Report