STEAM IN JAVA 3
Whilst there are probably not enough steam operations left in Java to suit the hardened 'gricer' there is still so much to see and do
which is over and above simply photographing locomotives.  The country is rich in tradition and history with a predominantly Dutch
influence still remaining.   Then of course there are the many temples, beaches and sites of natural beauty.  Not convinced?  Then take a
look inside many of the mills where steam driven machinery is still to be found at work.  These are fascinating survivors of what is
almost a bygone industrail age and are certainly worth looking out for.  Whilst no mill would want a visitor to be injured, there is not the
preoccupation with Health and Safety which bedevils much of life in Britain and so freedom to wander inside the mills is permitted so
long as the visitor takes reasonable care of his own welfare.  Common sense is all that is required and most of the mill workers are
delighted that an interest is being shown in their place of employment.
Purwodadi (20)
This 700mm gauge mill is a few miles south of the city of Ngawi and was one of my favourite mills in terms of both the unusual method of
operation and for the intensity of activity during my morning visit.  Once again the steam operation is limited to moving loaded wagons
bewten the road delivery yard and the main mill yard but this includes taking trains over a large viaduct.  The method of operation is as
follows ...... one of the locomotives attaches itself to the train with the boiler facing inwards.  The train then leaves the road delivery
yard, crosses the Ngawi to Madiun road and then stops on the viaduct.  A second locomotive follows the train from the road delivery
yard and attaches itself to the rear of the train while the front locomotive is uncoupled and moved onto an adjacent siding.  The train is
then pushed into the main mill yard by the second locomotive.  The nature of the operation requires lots of locomotive movements .......
hence the high degree of activity.
Orenstein and Koppel 0-8-0T
No.15 (built 1920) about to
cross the Ngawi to Madiun
road at the level crossing.  
The locomotive is heading
back to the road delivery yard
after having propelling a
loaded train into the mill.  
Friday 13th August was
certainly
not an unlucky day
to be visiting Purwodadi mill!
Orenstein and Koppel 0-8-0T
No.11 (built 1912) stands in
front of No.15 in the road
delivery yard.

The large shade trees which
dominate the yard are
intended to prevent the cut
cane from drying out in the
intense heat.
All is not what it at first
seems!  Although at first sight
O & K No.15 appears to be
hauling the loaded train
across the viaduct it is in fact
propelling a train originally
brought from the road
delivery yard by O & K No.11
Another fine pair ..... this
time Orenstein and Koppel
0-8-0T No.10 (built 1910)
stands next to No.11 on the
mill side of the viaduct.  O&K
No.11 has just propelled the
loaded wagons  which were
brought onto the viaduct by
No.10.
Close up view of Orenstein &
Koppel 0-8-0 No.11.  The light
blue livery seems well suited
to these delightful little
engines.
Back to the road delivery
yard and the arrival of the
fourth Orenstein and Koppel
engine at work that
morning.  Although an
0-8-0T like the other three,
No.16 (built 1910) does not
have a bagasse trailer and
looks more like a traditional
tank locomotive.
Although at a quick glance
Nos. 10, 11 and 15 appear
identical, a more studied look
reveals a considerable
number of variations.  Here
No.10 waits for the gates to be
lowered before returning to
the road delivery yard.
No.16 stands under the shade
trees in the road delivery yard
having just brought an
enormous train of empty loris
back to the yard from the mill.
A final shot of Purwodadi as
No.11 propels another loaded
train back across the viaduct.  
During a three hour session at
the mill I was fortunate
enough to see six train loads
moved from the delivery yard
into the mill.
Kanigoro (22) and Pagottan (23)
Both of these mills are located just to the south of Madiun and operate 700mm gauge lines.  On the day I visited Kanigoro only one
locomotive was in steam and that was not scheduled to start work until late in the afternoon.  A little further down the road Pagottan
had two engines in steam including their 0-10-0 Orenstein and Koppel Luttermoller-type locomovive.  I received a particularly friendly
welcome at Pagottan (although everywhere I visited in Java was unreservedly friendly) and quickly found myself invited to partake of  
limitless amounts of hot sweet tea stored in a large drum outside the enginemens bothy!  Pagottan engines are also used solely
between the road delivery yard and the mill yard and propel loaded trains making boiler-first shots of engines hauling trains
impossible.
My visit to Kanigoro mill was
doubly disappointing in so much
as there was little action but the
one active locomotive itself
would have looked particularly
attractive in action.

Instead Orenstein and Koppel
0-8-0T No.6 (built 1921) stood
outside the shed building up
steam pressure.
Since only one locomotive was
being used during the 2004
season, this rather attractive
little Borsig 0-6-0T No.1 (built
1907) was being left to
deteriorate in front of the main
shed.  No.6 can just be seen in
the background.
When I first told people that I was
intending to travel to Java a
number of them questioned
whether it was wise to be on
one's own in a Muslim country in
the post 9/11 era.  Throughout
my time in the country I was
greeted with enthusiasm by
everyone and at no time did I feel
at risk or uneasy - least of all in
the enginemen's 'bothy' in the
main mill yard at Pagottan where
tea was readily and freely
available.
Like most industrial loctions the
locomotives at Pagottan spend
a great deal of their time simply
standing around waiting for the
next job. At rest the
locomotives make almost no
noise and I almost missed
seeing Orenstein and Koppel
0-8-0T No.1 (built 1909). The
obliging crew moved the
locomotive for me in order that I
could take my picture.
Orenstein and Koppel 0-10-0 No.6
(built 1923) is another example of
the use of Luttermoller
articulation to ensure it can
negotiate the tight curves to be
found on the sugar railways,  
However its appearance could
havdly be less like the 'Beast Of
Tasik Madu' and it bears a much
greater resemblence to the
smaller No.1   (right and below)
Click here for more pictures of steam in Java
The diagram above shows how the Luttermoller style of articulation
operates, allowing No.6 to negotiate tight bends
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